For a period of time obesity rates in the United States were beginning to stand still and even decline slightly. Sadly, the number of overweight and obese American men and women has begun to rise again, and with it are complications that can dramatically affect your quality-of-life. Diabetes is a killer disease that affects nearly 115 million people each year and costs the healthcare industry approximately $245 billion annually. If those numbers surprise you, the fact that the number of worldwide diabetes cases will double from 171 million in 2000 to 366 million by 2030 should astound. It’s no surprise that as obesity rates raise, so does the occurrence of diabetes. To put it bluntly, obesity raises your risk of developing diabetes.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes, often called diabetes mellitus, is a metabolic disease that causes a person to have high blood sugar due to inadequate insulin production, poor response of body cells to insulin, or a combination of both. While Type 1 diabetes is the result of the body producing no insulin, either insulin resistance or too little insulin production causes Type 2 diabetes. 90% of diabetes cases are Type 2.
How Does Obesity Raise the Risk of Diabetes?
According to a paper published by researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies, researchers found that ER (endoplasmic reticulum) stress, which is brought on through a high fat diet, increases glucose production in the liver and can lead to insulin resistance. Additionally, the study explained that, “obesity promotes insulin resistance through the inappropriate inactivation of a process called gluconeogenesis, where the liver creates [increased] glucose for fuel and which ordinarily occurs only in times of fasting.” Not every obese person goes on to become insulin resistant, however, the researchers discovered that thinner mice in the study were able to control glucose levels, while obese mice experienced increased glucose resistance.
Complications of Diabetes
It’s unfortunate, but obesity and diabetes are undisputedly interlinked. Additionally, diabetes can bring with it its own host of health issues, including:
- Blindness and Vision Problems
- Heart Attack Risk
- Cardiovascular Death Increase
- High Cholesterol
- Hypertension (high blood pressure)
- Kidney Disease
Diabetes Treatment at our Delaware Weight Loss Surgery Center
It’s not uncommon for morbidly obese patients to come to our Delaware weight loss center with a host of illnesses, including diabetes. One of the best ways to reduce your risk of developing diabetes is to change your diet and incorporate 30 minutes of vigorous exercise into your schedule 5 times a week. Numerous studies have also shown that bariatric surgeries like gastric bypass or gastric sleeve surgery have proven to be effective at eliminating or controlling diabetes. To learn more about bariatric surgery in Delaware, contact our office at 302-892-9900, sign up for a free weight loss surgery seminar, or contact CHRIAS online.